Monthly Archives: September 2010
|September 21, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Research, Youth Development||
The Society for Research in Child Development recently announced the findings of a longitudinal study of low-income youth that suggested when children were enrolled in preschool settings of “high quality” they had fewer behavior problems throughout middle childhood. The study findings indicate that high quality care settings were of particular importance for male youth and African American children. The extent of the care did not appear to be related to the behavioral outcomes.
The study, Child Care and the Development of Behavior Problems Among Economically Disadvantaged Children in Middle Childhood, conducted by a team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh, Boston College, Universidad de Los Andes, Loyola University Chicago, and Northwestern University, will appear in the September/October 2010 issue of the journal Child Development.
I consider this critical data for nonprofits currently running or considering early intervention or preschool programs, especially those targeting a lower-income population. Look up the study – it may come in handy when researching model programs and for future grant applications!
The full citation for the study summarized above:
Child Development, Vol. 81, Issue 5, Child Care and the Development of BehaviorProblems Among Economically Disadvantaged Children in Middle Childhood by Votruba-Drzal, E (University of Pittsburgh), Coley, RL (Boston College), Maldonado-Carreño, C (Universidad de Los Andes), Li-Grining, CP (Loyola University Chicago), and Chase-Lansdale, L (Northwestern University). Copyright 2010 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc. All rights reserved.
|September 20, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Federal Government, Research||
Last week, Representatives Jim McDermott (D-WA) and John Linder (R-GA), introduced H.R. 6156, a child welfare bill to “renew the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services to approve demonstration projects designed to test innovative strategies in State child welfare programs” through a waiver of Title IV-E.
The legislation allows additional states to conduct demonstration projects, specifically around domestic violence (including its impact on placement in the foster care system) and recognizes the right of tribes to participate as states in such projects. In addition, the legislation includes language that strengthens accountability around the use of public and private funds.
The bill is currently in the House Committee on Ways and Means.
|September 17, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Federal Government, News||
I’m sure that many of you have heard about the findings from the latest report, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2009 from the U.S Census Bureau via the news headlines, RSS feeds or Twitter updates. Indeed, the report is grim; the nation’s poverty rate (14.3 percent) in 2009 is the highest since 1994, which translates into the reality that approximately 1 out of every 7 people in the United States lives in poverty. Even grimmer, the number of children living poverty grew by 1.4 million between 2008 and 2009, so that 20.5% of Americans under the age of 18 live in poverty.
According to the report, authored by Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, and Jessica C. Smith, 11.1 percent of families are living below the poverty line. The authors explain that poverty impacted family units across the board, with the poverty rate increasing across all categories of families including married couples, female head-of-household without spouse present homes and male head-of-household without spouse present homes.
The information on health insurance is not much better. Over half of the persons in the country (55.8 percent) are covered by an employer-based health insurance plan, the lowest rate since 1987. The number of people who are uninsured (as of 2009) is 50.7 million or 16.7 percent of Americans. There appears to be a correlative relationship between income and insurance whereas the lower the income of the person, the higher the likelihood they lack health care coverage.
As bad as the picture is, are local nonprofits slightly cushioned from the terrible reality of these numbers – specifically their impact on services – due to our western Pennsylvania location? The data indicate that the Northeast has the highest median income (along with the West) and the highest rate of persons with health care insurance (although in PA, the number of uninsured persons under 65 increased according to analysis by the Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center). Further, the Northeast was the only region where the poverty rate in 2009 was not statistically different from the 2008 poverty rate, in other words, no significant increase. It will be interesting to see if the 2010 numbers for our region trend in a similar manner, especially as unemployment benefits expire and people who have been living off of their savings face a dwindling nest egg/emergency fund.
|September 16, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Budget, Children and Family, Federal Government||
Yesterday the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded $39 million to 38 states (including Pennsylvania) and Puerto Rico to increase adoptions of children from foster care. Funds from this incentive may be used to improve child welfare programs as well promote adoption. Pennsylvania received $2,175,353.