Monthly Archives: December 2011
|December 13, 2011||Posted by M. P. under News, Philanthropy||
Women differ from men in motivations for and patterns of philanthropy according to The Bank of America Merrill Lynch 2011 Study of High Net Worth Women’s Philanthropy. In almost 90 percent of high-net-worth households, women were the sole decision-maker or had an equal voice in decisions around charitable gifts, and data indicate their motivations differ significantly from those of their male counterparts.
Women were more likely to make a gift when they felt it would “make a difference” as well as trusted the nonprofit to make good use of their donations in the community. Women were also more likely (66 percent) than men (50 percent) to give to an organization if they also volunteered there, and more women (over 86 percent) reported volunteering than men (78 percent). Approximately half of the women reported having trust in nonprofits to best address problems both at home and abroad compared to the one-third (33 percent) of men who felt the same.
Additional data on philanthropic motivations and patterns of wealthy donors – including reasons for ending support – are discussed in the report (prepared by The Center on Philanthropy at Indiana University) available online at the Bank of America website.
|December 9, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Health, Research, Youth Development||
Being a good parent may protect your children from the long-term health effects of poverty, according to a study published in the November 2011 edition of Psychological Science, the journal from the Association for Psychological Science.
The researchers found that children who had been raised in poverty often experienced chronic health issues later in life, however, a small subset of low-income children remained healthy throughout their lives. Closer examination of various factors identified a high level of maternal nurturing as the primary barrier or protective factor against chronic health problems, even more than achieving a higher socioeconomic status as an adult. Clearly, data and long-term outcomes support concern for the emotional well being of children, making it as important as care for their physical needs. Children benefit from being raised in a loving, safe, stable environment.
The study abstract is available online but the full article can only be accessed through a subscription service (check your local or university library system).
Study citation: Miller GE, Lachman ME, Chen E, Gruenewald TL, Karlamangla AS, Seeman TE.
Pathways to Resilience: Maternal Nurturance as a Buffer Against the Effects of
Childhood Poverty on Metabolic Syndrome at Midlife. Psychol Sci. 2011 Nov 28.
[Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22123777.
|December 7, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Juvenile Delinquency, Policy, Research||
Not too long ago the juvenile justice system in Pennsylvania came under severe scrutiny after a shocking scandal involving the violation of the rights of juveniles in Luzerne County (including monetary kickbacks to judges from private detention centers). More recently, the issue of maltreatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender juveniles in juvenile detention have drawn media attention as reports of such abuse increase.
The report No Place for Kids: The Case for Reducing Juvenile Incarceration by Richard A. Mendel from the Annie E. Casey Foundation illustrates the high cost but low return of the current juvenile justice system in the United States. Researchers found little evidence of increased public safety or reduced recidivism among juveniles after release detention, although the cost of incarceration to taxpayers was just under $90,000 per youth, per year.
Highlights from the report include,
- within 3 years of release, approximately ¾ of juveniles were rearrested;
- few juveniles are confined for serious offenses – in 2007, 12 percent of the nearly 150,000 youth adjudicated to residential programs by courts had committed aggravated assault, robbery, rape, or homicide;
- while there was a 24 percent reduction in juveniles sent to residential facilities or secure institutions between 1997 and 2007, this did not result in an increase in the juvenile crime rate during that same period (it decreased);
- recurring abuse or maltreatment was identified and documented by state and/or federal government or media investigation in 20 states since the year 2000.
According to report data, the number of youth in juvenile detention in Pennsylvania increased 15 percent, from 3,120 in 1997 to 3,618 in 2007, while the national total decreased by 25 percent from 75,406 to 60,426 during the same time period. Information about the juvenile justice system in Pennsylvania may be found at the Pennsylvania Juvenile Court Judges’ Commission website.