Monthly Archives: August 2012
|August 26, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Drug and Alcohol, Management, Research||
A report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) indicates major differences in admissions for substance abuse between rural areas and urban centers. Using 2009 data from their Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), the report found that rural admissions were more often from the criminal justice system, more often to be related to alcohol abuse, and less likely to report daily use of drugs/alcohol.
Some key findings from the report, A Comparison of Rural and Urban Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions, include,
- Rural substance abuse treatment referrals were more likely than urban admissions to be referred by the criminal justice system (51.6 compared to 28.4 percent) and less likely to a self or family referral (22.8 compared to 38.7 percent).
- Rural substance abuse treatment admissions were younger than their urban counterparts when they started using their substance of choice (32.1 percent between the ages 15 and 17 compared to 26.7 percent). Urban admissions were more likely to report first use experience occurring at age 18 and above (32.7 compared to 45.6 percent).
- Just over 30 percent of rural substance abuse admissions and 27.2 percent of urban substance abuse admissions reported a psychiatric problem.
This report discusses the various differences between rural and urban substance abuse, bolstering the case for community and culturally specific, targeted, intervention outreach and prevention practices.
|August 20, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Budget, Children and Family, Policy||
The role of courts in demanding change from the child welfare system is not a new one. However, in the paper “Court-Based Child Welfare Reforms: Improved Child/Family Outcomes and Potential Cost Savings,” Liz Thornton, a Staff Attorney for the American Bar Association’s Center on Children and the Law, finds evidence that such reforms have resulted in both lower fiscal costs and improved child welfare outcomes.
Several case studies are presented to discuss court-ordered changes including those around service accessibility, family treatment and improvements to child welfare system processes or practices. Of interest to Pennsylvanians may be the American Bar Association’s Permanency Barriers Project which, according to the brief, resulted in 20 PA counties reducing the average time by youth spent in foster care by 9 months, resulting in a significant cost savings.
|August 8, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Management, News||
Watching a segment on a morning show featuring pundits drinking coffee and discussing the difficulty of the job market for anyone under age 30 reminded me of a chat I had with a nonprofit leader back in the midst of the fiscal maelstrom. He lamented that his children – all young adults, finishing school or starting off in their various fields – were never going to have either the professional opportunities or the standard of living that he had achieved. I thought to myself that Gen X didn’t have it particularly easy either: the “new normal” of guaranteed job insecurity, 1.5 to 2 incomes needed to buy a modest house (forget about being too choosey about the school district), raising children while planning (or actively caring) for aging parents, and carrying the obligation of repaying our own student loans.
However, some recent reports shed light on the extent of the challenges facing young people when it comes to securing employment. The report, No End in Sight? The Long-Term Youth Jobs Gap and What It Means for America from Young Invincibles, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization, found that the rate of unemployment for 16-to-24 year olds was more than double the national unemployment rate – 16.5 percent compared to 8.2 percent. The rates for African–American and Latino young adults are even higher – 20.5 and 30.2 percent.
No End in Sight? examines the youth employment gap between what is available in the current economy and what a healthier version (not expected until 2021 unless strong action is taken) would resemble, concluding that the recession has cost youth and young adults over 2 and half million jobs. What makes the impact of the recession more of a concern to the authors is that early experience of unemployment leads to outcomes such as lower lifetime wages and lack of upward mobility.
Demos looks the July 2012 Young Adult Employment Report though a mixed lens, on one hand the unemployment rate for 25-to-34 year olds remained stable at 8.2 percent, but data indicate this cohort also left the labor force – ending their job search for whatever reason.
Tying this bleak outlook back to the nonprofit sector – I was curious about the results from the latest survey from Idealist.org which indicate unemployed young adults are not flocking to the HR departments of nonprofit organizations. According to the data reported in Voices from the Sector: The Idealist.org Nonprofit Job Seeker Report, people 18-to-29 years made up 27 percent of nonprofit job applicants – just slightly above the 24 percent of 30-to-39 year olds and below the 28 percent of job-seekers aged 50 to 54 years. Interesting.
What are you experiencing as a nonprofit professional or job-seeker? Are older persons returning to the full-time workforce, including nonprofit organizations? Are Millenials just not attracted to the sector as much as their older counterparts?