Monthly Archives: October 2012
|October 31, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, News, Research||
Late last month the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services announced funding for the Mental and Behavioral Health Education and Training Program, an initiative meant to increase the number and availability of social workers and psychologists in rural areas, specifically to assist military veterans and their families. Nearly $10 million in grants were awarded to institutions (including two in eastern Pennsylvania and one in West Virginia) to support study and clinical training in the areas of trauma and abuse, combat-related stress and substance abuse. Although about 28 percent of the 22 million veterans in the United States reside in rural areas, treatment for PTSD and other combat-related conditions remains difficult to find and may lack the required intensity. These grants aim to increase both the availability and intensity of trauma–related mental health care, as well as services to families of persons with chronic illnesses in rural areas.
|October 26, 2012||Posted by M. P. under News||
While the state of the economy is center stage this election season, there has been little discussion of the importance of nonprofits, particularly those in the arts sector, in job creation and economic growth. A new study, Arts & Economic Prosperity IV: The Economic Impact of Nonprofit Arts and Culture Organizations and Their Audiences in the State of Pennsylvania, conducted by Americans for the Arts demonstrates the clear correlation between support of the arts and employment and revenue generation in the Commonwealth.
According to the report, in 2010, Pennsylvania had $2,545,382,269 in total expenditures between art and culture organizations and their patrons. This spending supported more than 81,000 full-time jobs and sent over $201 million in revenue to the state government.
In Allegheny County, 2010 arts and culture industry expenditures totaled $685,602,764, with event attendees spending an average of $21.44 per person, not including the cost of event admission. As would be expected, people living outside of Allegheny County spent more on meals, gifts or souvenirs and lodging. The data indicate that this patronage of cultural events and activities in and around the city of Pittsburgh supports over 20,500 full-time jobs and generates $31,448,000 in revenue to the local government.
|October 16, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Drug and Alcohol, Health, Policy, Research, Youth Development||
A report from The Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at Georgetown University suggests that youth are seeing more alcohol advertisements promoting its use than other messages such as health risks or dangers of driving while intoxicated. The report, Drowned Out: Alcohol Industry “Responsibility” Advertising on Television 2001-2005 concluded that underage youth are exposed to larger amounts of industry television spots touting the enjoyment of alcohol than those promoting responsible use.
Between the years of 2001-2005:
- Underage youth were 239 times more likely to view advertisements promoting alcohol than industry-sponsored ads on the hazards of under-age consumption of alcohol
- Youth were more likely to see an industry advertisement warning against drinking and driving than against under-age consumption, but were more likely overall to see advertisements promoting the enoyment of a particular brand of alcohol
- Out of 300 alcohol brands that purchased television advertising, 8.3 percent (25) placed advertisements with a focus on responsible use of their product
Although data from 2010 indicate that the rate of alcohol use among youths aged 12 to 17 remained stable, the public health/public policy concern valid as alcohol is the most widely use illegal drug by underage youth in America. In addition, as stated in another recent bulletin from CAMY, African-American youth 12-20 years of age are seeing more advertisements for alcohol in the media compared to their peers of the same age group. The researchers suggest this is due to specific targeting of African American consumers by some brands, as well as the pattern of print and broadcast media exposure among the African American population.
Is media exposure to alcohol advertising contributing to the use of alcohol by underage youth? What about the promotion of certain brands of alcohol on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter (not measured in the study)?