Posts Tagged by bullying
|October 22, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Education, Research, Youth Development||
Much of the of the media coverage on peer-to-beer bullying in schools focuses on the mental health of the victims. This kind of coverage makes sense both in appeal to the public and the connection between being bullied and feelings of despair and suicidal ideation. However, a paper presented today at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition in New Orleans suggests that children and adolescents with mental disorders were more likely to bully other youth. The presentation and paper, Association Between Mental Health Disorders and Bullying In the United States Among Children Aged 6 to 17 Years, may turn bullying intervention and prevention programs on their heads as the data show youth with depression or Oppositional Defiant Disorder are more likely to be fingered as bullies than their peers.
Studies indicate that at least 8 percent of American youth have serious emotional disorders – how much of the bullying going on among adolescents is related to typical (although needlessly painful for those on the receiving end) developmental behaviors versus repeated acts of aggression related to, if not a symptom of, a known or unknown behavioral health issue? And regarding the family of the bully – so often maligned in comboxes across the internet, though at times with reason- perhaps these findings indicate that we should stop debating whether is it over-parenting or under-parenting that forms the bully and start looking at the emotional, psychological and physical wellness of the child, even if it means recognizing something that we’d prefer to pretend we never noticed.
|August 16, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Research, Technology||
The popularity of social media as an outlet for communication is central to new research out of the University of Wisconsin-Madison that may lead to a deeper understanding of bullying behaviors. The study uses algorithms and a language-analyzing computer to scan millions of posts from the social media platform Twitter, looking for certain words and language patterns that indicate discussion of, or actual, bullying situations. This method has advantages over traditional surveying of school-age youth as it expands upon the number of data collection points (typically survey data is a one-shot deal) and may limit self reporting bias on such a sensitive topic.
To date, the study has found that posts about or conversations relating to bullying are not at all uncommon, with comments ranging from the general to the event-specific adding up to approximately 15,000 Tweets a day. The ability to analyze ongoing interactions , even at the group level, has led to the identification of a new role in bullying besides victim and victimizer – the reporter. The researchers hope to expand their work to include additional social network platforms in the near future.
This kind of research is exactly what is needed to inform innovative early intervention strategies for adolescents and promote resilience factors against social and familial stressors that may lead to high-risk behaviors. Social media has only begun to influence the nonprofit sector, albeit mostly through marketing and fundraising, but targeted outreach and intervention are not far behind.
|May 17, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Education, Program Model, Research||
A study sponsored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and conducted by Mathematica Policy Research and Stanford University found that recess, specifically organized recreational time lead by experienced instructors, not only had a positive impact on student behavior, but prepared them better for classroom learning.
Schools in five cities across the country were randomly selected to implement the Playworks program, a program where coaches are placed in schools in low-income areas to facilitate organized play during recess time, compared to similar schools without the program.
- A significant positive impact of the Playworks program on teachers’ perceptions of student safety during recess
- Reduced bullying during recess as reported by teachers in treatment schools
- Improved behavior at recess, overall, by students at the treatment schools
- Less difficulties transitioning the students back to classroom or “learning” mode after recess and a higher level of attention in the classroom per teachers in treatment schools
These findings, as well as the research questions around the implementation of the Playworks program, are discussed the report, Findings from a Randomized Experiment of Playworks: Selected Results from Cohort 1 available on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation website. The paper lays out a persuasive case for investing in recess to reduce bullying and exclusionary behaviors among students as well as better prepare them for the remainder of the school day, rather than striking it from the schedule completely.
|May 27, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Drug and Alcohol, Health, Juvenile Delinquency, Research, Youth Development||
From the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) of April 22, 2011 comes the report Bullying Among Middle School and High School Students — Massachusetts, 2009, which examines the risk factors associated with involvement in bullying.
The report, based on analysis of data from the 2009 Massachusetts Youth Health Survey, found:
- among middle school students over ¼ reported being a victim of bullying, 7.5 percent reporting bullying peers and 9.6 percent reported being involved in bullying as both a perpetrator and a victim (the bully-victim);
- among high-schoolers, 15.6 percent were victims, 8.4 bullies and 6.5 percent bully-victims.
- Bullies were more likely to be male in both middle and high schools, while victims were more likely to be female.
- Compared with students not involved in bullying, bully-victims were exponentially more apt to indicate they had:
- considered suicide,
- purposefully hurt themselves,
- been physically injured by a family member, or
- witnessed violence within their family.
Data indicate that bully-victims reported experiencing or witnessing episodes of family violence more than bullies, and both groups reported the occurrence of family violence more than the victim group.This report confirms past research that linked bullying with alcohol and drug use, suicide, mental health challenges and the possibility of a pattern of future aggression. Unfortunately (and perhaps ironically), as this research has emerged, fiscal austerity measures have lead to a significant decrease in the funding for school-based bullying prevention programs.
How can the nonprofit sector mobilize to fill the need for evidence-based violence prevention services, including anti-bullying programs? Can (and should) nonprofits partner with similar organizations such as churches, youth groups, scouts, sports leagues, etc., to address this troubling trend in youth behavior?