Posts Tagged by Census 2010
|September 30, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Management, Philanthropy, Research||
According to Census 2010 data, over a ¼ of the population of Pennsylvania (27 percent) is located in rural areas, and a considerable amount of our region of western Pennsylvania is considered rural. Yet in my admittedly anecdotal experience, it seems that much of the mainstream discussion in the sector focuses on urban organizations. The challenging issues faced by rural nonprofits, accessibility (a dispersed population), transportation (rarely any of a public sort), technology (reliable connections and coverage) and needs specific to non-metropolitan areas may be a bit of a mystery (hopefully not an afterthought) to the thinkers and influencers in the nonprofit and philanthropic sectors.
A report from The Bridgespan Group, Small but Tough: Nonprofits in Rural America by Alex Neuhoff and Andrew Dunckleman, turns the lens on rural nonprofits in the United States to examine what these organizations look like, identify their most pressing challenges and determine how they differ from their urban peers. Some highlights of the study:
- Rural nonprofits are funded at a lower rate per capita than their urban counterparts. Rural areas make up 18 percent of the total population of the United States, have a higher rate of poverty overall (22 percent of the country’s poor reside in rural areas) but represent 8 percent of the total spending in the nonprofit sector (including human services).
- In spite of the above, overall, rural nonprofits appear to be in a better fiscal state than urban nonprofits and are less likely to run an operating deficit.
- Data suggest that rural nonprofits have learned to be both nimble and aggressive, prioritizing and pursuing strategies perhaps different from those of urban nonprofits used to the close proximity of both clients and funders. The authors point out that rural organizations collaborated, merged and otherwise partnered with each other or a larger network, had strategic approaches to grants (private and public) and emphasized relationship-building outside of their communities.
- A major obstacle faced by rural nonprofits is leadership recruitment and retention, an issue Pennsylvania grapples with per a recent study on the challenges associated with rural leadership development.
The study (available for download at The Bridgespan Group website) provides an excellent initial picture of rural nonprofits, including a comparative case study of similar programs operating in two very different locations. I hope this type of organizational research continues, as there may be much to learn from the nonprofits operating 60 miles outside of Pittsburgh, but seemingly a world away.
|May 10, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Federal Government, Management, News||
A report on the 2010 Census data indicate demographic changes are increasing, most noticeably in urban regions of the country.
The report, Melting Pot Cities and Suburbs: Racial and Ethnic Change in Metro America in the 2000s, by William H. Frey from the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program describes considerable changes in the racial and ethnic makeup of cities and surrounding areas across the United States. Analysis of data from the 1990, 2000 and 2010 censuses found:
- By 2010, 58 of 100 major metropolitan areas had a non-white majority. According to census data across all metros, 41 percent of residents of American cities were white, 26 percent Hispanic and 22 percent black.
- Hispanic persons represent the largest minority segment of the population in large American cities.
- In larger metropolitan areas, over half of minority groups now reside in the suburbs.
The data compiled by the team at Brookings tells a story of growing, mobile minority groups contrasted with the slow rate of growth of the maturing white segment of the population. Minorities (note: when combined, now in the majority) are the primarily force behind for population increases in cities and suburbs across the nation. What America looks like is changing – what are the opportunities and challenges of this reality for the nonprofit sector?