Posts Tagged by charter schools
|January 31, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Education, Evaluation, Policy||
The latest findings from an ongoing study of the effectiveness of charter schools on student achievement indicate some are having a positive impact on student graduation rate and college enrollment.
The report Charter-School Management Organizations: Diverse Strategies and Diverse Student Impacts, conducted by Mathematica and the Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE) -University of Washington looked at the effect of charter school management organizations (CMOs) on test scores, graduation and post-secondary education planning. While the data indicate a positive impact on high school graduation statistics (for schools with that data), the overall impact on student academic achievement by school varied considerably.
The study also examined characteristics of CMO schools in relation to positive educational impacts, finding:
- high levels of teacher coaching were associated with positive impacts on academic achievement;
- performance-based teacher pay structure was not statistically associated with student achievement; and
- class size was not statistically associated with student achievement.
Previous reports from National Study of Charter Management Organization (CMO) Effectiveness are available online (as is this newest report) via the Mathematica website.
|July 24, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Education, Program Model, Research|
Shootings and other violent occurrences on high school campuses, combined with the related pressure from parents and communities to prevent such activities from happening in their schools, have lead to increasingly severe zero tolerance policies. While the protection of students, administration and staff is of utmost importance, there is little evidence on how well the zero tolerance approach (the blanket application of punitive measures for rule breaking regardless of circumstance) operates in practice. In fact, a recent brief suggests that there is not much scientific research on the effectiveness of such policies at all.
In the brief from Child Trends, entitled Multiple Responses, Promising Results: Evidence-Based, Nonpunitive Alternatives To Zero Tolerance, authors Christopher Boccanfuso and Megan Kuhfeld posit that while zero tolerance policies are widespread in America, they are actually doing little to deter bullying, use of illegal substances and even violent behavior. In some regions, reports of misbehavior in school have increased since the implementation of zero tolerance policies. Reports also indicated that zero tolerance policies were found to be used in many cases for non-violent infractions and may have been applied to some groups of students in a disproportionate manner. Finally, the authors point to studies that have linked severe punishments (such as expulsion) to further negative outcomes, possibly worse than the offending behavior itself, to suggest that this approach may not be the most useful or efficient in addressing bad behavior.
Alternatives to zero tolerance policies, including effective nonpunitive programs targeted at troubled students, are listed and discussed in the brief. The complete brief is available at the Child Trends website.
|May 24, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Education, Evaluation, Research||
A recent report from RAND examines the impact of charter schools on student achievements in eight states.
Findings from the study Charter Schools in Eight States: Effects on Achievement, Attainment, Integration, and Competition include:
- middle and high school grade charter schools show “achievement gains” similar to those in public schools
- charter high school attendees are more likely to graduate and continue their education by attending college
Read more about the findings and policy implications of this long-term study of charter school student achievement at the RAND website.