Posts Tagged by early intervention
|February 25, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Health, News, Research||
According to the results of the study, EEG complexity as a biomarker for autism spectrum disorder risk, out of Boston Children’s Hospital, an early identification method for autism may one day be available for high risk infants (those with a sibling with a diagnosis on the autism spectrum) as young as 6 months old.
The test uses electroencephalography (EEG) to measure brain activity at various points in the child’s early development. The researchers detected patterns in the high-risk group that were different from those of the control group, and may indicate a higher likelihood of neurological developmental differences predictive of autism.
At this time, the early detection method is not expected to be widely available as its success with non-high-risk pool infants has not been thoroughly tested. However, this breakthrough in identifying a possible autism spectrum biomarker may jump-start the development of earlier interventions and therapies for very young children with a familial history of autism.
Study Citation: EEG complexity as a biomarker for autism spectrum disorder risk William Bosl, Adrienne Tierney, Helen Tager-Flusberg and Charles Nelson. BMC Medicine 2011, 9:18doi:10.1186/1741-7015-9-18
|January 10, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Program Model||
Community Care and The Alliance for Infants & Toddlers in Allegheny County have partnered with RAND for the initiative, Helping Families Raise Healthy Children. This venture will help local professionals and organizations provide tailored support and services to families with young children to reduce caregiver stress and improve familial well being.
Specifically, the project hopes to improve identification of, and intervention with, families where adult caregiver depression and early childhood developmental delays are present. The initiative has posted informational webinars on the topic of infant mental health and family functioning on the RAND website.
|October 20, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Research, Youth Development||
The study Lifetime Prevalence of Mental Disorders in U.S. Adolescents: Results from the National Co-morbidity Survey Replication–Adolescent Supplement by Kathleen Ries Merikangas, Ph.D., Jian-ping He, M.Sc., Marcy Burstein, Ph.D., Sonja A. Swanson, Sc.M., Shelli Avenevoli, Ph.D., Lihong Cui, M.Sc., Corina Benjet, Ph.D., Katholiki Georgiades, Ph.D., and Joel Swendsen, Ph.D. in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, reports that 20 percent of children in America have a mental health disorder.
This study looked closely at prevalence data on mental illness in a representative sample of U.S. children. The researchers estimated that approximately 1 out of 5 children in the country met criteria for a mental disorder serious enough to be disruptive to their daily activities and interactions. The most prevalent condition was anxiety disorders at nearly 32 percent, followed by behavior disorders at 19 percent, then mood disorders at 14.3 percent and substance use disorders at 11.4 percent.
This data can only help inform priorities for future research and policies regarding prevention efforts. Early recognition, screening and appropriate interventions may play a role in addressing mental health concerns before they become possibly debilitating later in life.
The full citation for the study summarized above is:
Merikangas KR, He J, Burstein M, Swanson SA, Avenevoli S, Cui L, Benjet C, Georgiades, Swendsen J. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in U.S. adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication — Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2010; 49:980-989.
|August 18, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Policy, Research, Uncategorized||
Early childhood mental health assessment and diagnosis is a public policy area that has been gaining scientific and political support based on clinical research as well as the current administration’s focus on early childhood development.
A July 2010 report from The Commonwealth Fund entitled State Case Studies of Infant and Early Childhood Mental Health Systems: Strategies for Change reviews the experiences of four states as they developed infant and early childhood mental health (IECMH) systems. The states, Colorado, Rhode Island, Indiana and Massachusetts utilized various strategies, specific to their strengths or needs, to implement these systems of outreach, intervention and support for children ages birth though 5 and their families.
The authors, D. Russell Lyman, Wendy Holt and Richard H. Dougherty, report on the achievements (strategic stakeholder engagement and planning, high levels of collaboration between health and child services departments), challenges (fiscal barriers, early identification) and the gap between the body of scientific knowledge regarding brain development and real-world access to professionals certified in IECMH interventions.