Posts Tagged by foster care
|August 9, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Education, Health, Juvenile Delinquency||
Adding to the bleakness of the anemic economic and employment outlook, stock market “adjustments”, riots in the streets of London and protests against economic conditions in Israel, comes the news that child poverty in the United States increased nearly 10 percent between 2008 and 2009, according to the latest data from the Children’s Defense Fund.
In the report, The State of America’s Children 2011, the CDF presents some unsettling data that indicate segments of the population are falling further behind, putting the current well-being (and the futures) of their children at risk. The report finds children of color are trailing in a majority of child well-being indicators, and
- are more likely to be born to mothers who have received little to no prenatal care,
- are more likely to live in poverty (1 in 3 black children and 1 in 3 Hispanic children versus 1 in 10 white children),
- are more likely to live with domestic upheaval (including separation from one or both parents), and
- are over-represented in the child welfare system.
Facts and discussion on child nutrition, education, juvenile justice and numerous other indicators are included in the complete report, available for download and in an interactive format at the CDF website.
|June 15, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Policy, Youth Development||
The May 2011 brief KIDS COUNT Data Snapshot on Foster Care Placement from the Annie E. Casey Foundation summarizes the progress of state child welfare systems have made toward reducing the rate of children placed in group homes or residential institutions rather than than foster family homes.
In general, child welfare policies and professionals encourage the placement of children in the least restrictive setting possible with emphasis on their safety and well-being. According to the research brief, placing a child with a relative or a non-relative foster family may ease the trauma of being separated from a parent or parents. Also, within a home setting, the child can experience a safe, stable family environment and remain connected with their siblings, friends and school.
Using data from the Adoption and Foster Care Reporting System (AFCARS) the KIDS COUNT Data Snapshot concludes that while the number of youth in foster care has declined nationally since 2000, the breakdown of the placement of children in the system has remained nearly stagnant. In 2009,
- 16 percent of foster youth were in a group home or institution,
- 24 percent were in a relative’s foster family home, and
- 48 percent were in a non relative’s foster family home.
In Pennsylvania, out of the 16,878 children in foster care in 2009,
- 23 percent had been placed with a relative/kin foster family,
- 24 percent were in a group home or institution, and
- 47 percent were in a non-relative foster family placement.
|May 25, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Behavorial Health, Children and Family, Federal Government, Health, Policy||
Research indicates that the youngest members of society are the most at risk of experiencing trauma, abuse and neglect, therefore having a high likelihood of contact with the child welfare system. The vulnerability of young children makes their safety and well-being a high priority, a point recognized by policy-makers and professionals as evidenced by the growing collaborative efforts between the child welfare system and early childhood experts.
A brief from the Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services entitled TIP SHEET FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD-CHILD WELFARE PARTNERSHIPS: Policies and programs that promote educational access, stability, and success for vulnerable children and families, provides a concise review of the many federal policies and programs in place to improve access to child care, early intervention and early education for youth in the child welfare system. Programs highlighted include:
- The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA): The reauthorization of this Act last year provided incentive and support for linking physical and mental health and developmental services to the child welfare system to target at-risk children, especially those under the age of three.
- Head Start: A free program to eligible children regardless if they live with their parents, kin, or have been placed in a foster home.
- Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act: This bill requires that youth in foster care, even very young children, experience a stable placement with as few disruptions to their education and residential setting as possible.
More programs and initiatives are summarized on the brief that also includes a list of web-based resources, making this a handy resource for families, advocates, child care workers, educators and social service staff.
|March 10, 2011||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Federal Government, Policy, Research, Youth Development||
The increase in the number of youths maturing out of the child welfare system into often nebulous, and sometimes negative, circumstances has prompted numerous assessments and studies on the scope of the problem as well as the social and employment outcomes of this cohort.
The article, Supporting Youth Transitioning to Adulthood by Gary Stangler, the Executive Director of the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative, in the latest issue of the The Connection provides a thorough overview of the issues faced by youth who age out of the foster care system and how policymakers, foundations and human service agencies have joined forces to address these challenges. The Count Appointed Special Advocates for Children (CASA) organization has played a major role in this initiative by providing advocacy and advisement of foster care youth over the age of 14 to assist with their transitions into independence and self-sufficiency.
To read more about how the federal Chafee Act and the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act impacted older youth in foster care, as well as the findings of the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative, visit the CASA website.