Posts Tagged by Pew Research Center
|November 9, 2013||Posted by M. P. under Education, News, Policy, Research, Youth Development||
If you were born into a family at the lower end of the earning spectrum, there is a good chance you will remain there, but if you do move up you likely won’t reach the middle income bracket, according to a study by The Pew Charitable Trusts on economic mobility. The findings from the report, Moving On Up Why Do Some Americans Leave the Bottom of the Economic Ladder, but Not Others?, point to a combination of race, educational attainment and employment as having a strong influence on the likelihood of a person ascending the income ladder. Specifically, the researchers found that 86 percent of college graduates versus 55 percent of those without a college degree moved up from the lowest category of the income ladder, as did 84 percent of double income families compared to 49 percent of those with one earner. The accumulation of savings and home equity were also related to upward mobility.
With human capital linked to economic mobility, it makes sense to take a closer look at the external factors that influence the development of one’s knowledge, skill sets and other facets of employability. The 2013 Opportunity Index from Opportunity Nation indicates some overall growth (2.6 percent) in the civic, educational and economic factors that are associated with upward mobility in the United States from 2011 to 2013. An interesting finding was that the zip code tends to be the strongest predictor of achievement – in other words – where one resides and the social, environmental, and institutional factors within that area influence one’s ability to access and successfully leverage opportunity for upward mobility.
Some of the national findings from the Opportunity Index:
- 5.8 million youth ages 16 to 24 are not in school and not employed
- 49 states saw an increase in their poverty rate even as unemployment decreased between 2011 and 2013
- High school graduation rates and the rate of people with at least an associate’s degree increased during this time period
- Unemployment was down, and mean household income was up between 2011 and 2013, but the poverty rate also increased (13.8 percent from 12.5 percent)
- Preschool enrollment stayed steady at just shy of 50 percent of 3 and 4 year olds, and on-time high school graduation increased to 84.1 percent (from 82.7 percent)
- The rate of violent crime and adult volunteering decreased
Photo Credit: M. Puzzanchera (Own Work) (CC By-NC-ND 3.0)
|November 8, 2012||Posted by M. P. under News, Research, Technology||
Considering the popularity of mobile web devices and e-readers it’s not surprising that nearly 1/5 of Americans read an e-book in 2011, although the majority of e-book readers under age 30 did so on their computer rather than a smart phone or tablet. A new study from the Pew Research Center discusses this and other interesting reading and technology trends in the brief Younger Americans’ Reading and Library Habits. The report by Kathryn Zickuhr, Lee Rainie, Kristen Purcell, Mary Madden and Joanna Brenner found that Americans under the age of 30 were more likely to read anything (in any form – magazine, book, web content, etc) than their older counterparts, with 83% of those ages 16 to 29 having read a book in the past year. Overall, adults between the ages of 18 to 24 years had the highest reading rate compared to other age groups.
The data on library usage supports the value of their presence in communities as over half (56 percent) of Americans aged 16 years and older used the library sometime in the last year, and nearly 70 percent felt that the library was important to them and their families. Youth ages 16 and 17 were the group most likely to have used the library (72 percent) – a finding that makes sense as school-age youth rely upon school or public libraries for research needs as well as recreational reading – while those over the age of 60 were least likely (49 percent). Forty percent of Americans 16 and older used the library for research, while 36% borrowed books (of any medium). One trend that continues from earlier Pew surveys is that the public is not aware of the option to borrow e-books from their local library, only 19% knew this was possible.
This and other reports in this topic series are available on the Pew Research Center’s website.
|January 19, 2011||Posted by M. P. under News, Research||
According to the report, Baby Boomers Approach Age 65 – Glumly by D’Vera Cohn and Paul Taylor, Baby Boomers are not nearly as optimistic about the future as the rest of us. Data from a series of surveys conducted by the Pew Research Center indicate that members of this cohort are markedly more gloomy about their own lives and pessimistic about the coming decades than other age groups. Specifically:
- 21 percent of Baby Boomers claim that their standard of living is beneath that of their own parents’ when they reached the same age;
- over one-third (34 percent) of Boomers believe their children will have an even lower standard of living than they have; and
- 57 percent of Boomers claim that their finances have taken a downturn since the onset of the recession
Will the attitudes of Boomers improve when we slowly move out of the recession, or has the fall from the economic heights of the past 20 years permanently soured their view on what lies ahead?
Visit the Pew Research Center website for reports on a variety of social, political and economic issues.
|September 23, 2010||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Elderly||
According to a report by the Pew Research Center, 1 in 10 American children live with their grandparent(s). The number of children whose grandparents act as their caregivers had been increasing steadily since 2000 but jumped drastically (by 6 percent) between 2007 and 2008.
The brief, entitled Since the Start of the Great Recession, More Children Raised by Grandparents by Gretchen Livingston and Kim Parker, analyzes this shift in familial structure that appears to be occurring more among whites (9 percent increase in grandparents as primary caregivers between 2007 and 2008) than Hispanic or African-American grandparents (2 percent increase). Other interesting demographics included in the report:
- 67 percent of the grandparent caregivers are under the age of 60
- 62 percent are female
- 66 percent are married
Whether directly or indirectly related to the recession, kinship care is becoming more common in this country. The economic, social, legal and emotional impact of becoming a full-time caretaker late in life can be eased somewhat through support groups, informational seminars and respite care offered by nonprofit organizations.