Posts Tagged by prevention
|July 30, 2014||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Drug and Alcohol, Research||
Early alcohol and drug prevention efforts and enhanced treatment options for youth may play a key role in reducing the likelihood of future substance abuse according to a new brief from SAMHSA. The report, Age of Substance Use Initiation among Treatment Admissions Aged 18-to-30, presents data that suggest the age of first drug use is associated with need for treatment later in life; specifically, persons reporting an earlier age of initiation were 1) more likely to be admitted to treatment and 2) abuse multiple substances. In 2011, nearly three-quarters of the 18-to-30 year olds admitted for substance abuse treatment began using when under the age of 17, 34 percent between the ages of 15-17, 30 percent between the ages of 12-14, and 10 percent at age 11 and under. Of those who began using substances at age 11 or younger, 78 percent reported abusing at least two substances at the time of intake.
Other interesting takeaways from the report:
- 63 percent of treatment admissions of people 18 to 30 years old were male, and males were more likely than females to start using substances at earlier ages
- Among those reporting first drug use at 11 or younger, marijuana and alcohol were the most commonly used substances
- Among those reporting first drug use at age 25 or over, heroin and prescription pain medication were the most commonly used substances
- Nearly 39 percent of the persons admitted to treatment whom first used a substance at age 11 or younger reported a co-occurring mental disorder – the highest rate of any of the age groups
As the age of first use of drugs or alcohol increases, the number of substances abused at time of admission to addiction treatment declines. The authors also note that adolescents can grow into habitual abuse of alcohol and drugs within three years of initiation. These data indicate the need for continuous but targeted preventative interventions with elementary-to-middle-school-age students. For example, the risk factors for young children are usually related to the family, whereas adolescents may experience ongoing pressure from peers who use illegal substances, so strategies to address these factors while building up protective factors will also vary.
Information on drug prevention programs and resource guides for parents and teachers are available at the SAMHSA website.
Report Citation: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (July 17, 2014).The TEDS Report: Age of Substance Use Initiation among Treatment Admissions Aged 18 to 30. Rockville, MD.
|October 11, 2013||Posted by M. P. under Drug and Alcohol, News, Policy||
Trust for America’s Health’s (TFAH) latest report, Prescription Drug Abuse: Strategies to Stop the Epidemic, illustrates the magnitude of the public health problem created by misuse of prescription drugs, and examines the methods that states are employing to address the disturbing trend. According to the authors, the number of deaths by prescription drug overdose is larger than those by cocaine and heroin combined. With sales of prescription painkillers 4 times higher in 2010 than in 1999, the increase in the abuse of these substances should not come as a surprise.
Some of the findings from the report:
- In 2010, West Virginia was the state with the highest rate of deaths by overdose, at 28.9 for every 100,000 residents (an increase of 605 percent increase from 1999). North Dakota had the lowest at 3.4 for every 100,000 residents.
- 22 states require by law specific education for doctors and other healthcare professionals who can prescribe pain medication.
- 17 states have laws giving some protection from criminal charges (or consider it a mitigating factor) to people attempting to get medical assistance for an overdose victim, including themselves.
Pennsylvania is ranked 14th in amount of deaths by drug overdose and, according to the report, has in place 4 of 10 evidence-based indicators that work to reduce prescription drug abuse and overdose deaths. Policy and practice recommendations such as educational outreach and more variety in treatment options, as well as data snapshots for all fifty states are included in the complete report available at the Trust for America’s Health’s website.
|December 7, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Children and Family, Drug and Alcohol, Health, Research, Youth Development||
Fewer adolescents are smoking cigarettes even though their attitudes about the risks associated with smoking have not decreased, according to a report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).
The report, State Estimates of Adolescent Cigarette Use and Perceptions of Risk of Smoking: 2009 and 2010 describes the beneficial impact of smoking prevention and education programming on adolescent smoking rates, although the impact was not apparent in all states.
Ohio and West Virginia were among states with the highest rates of teenage smokers (11.2 and 11.9 percent respectively) though both saw their rates decrease significantly since 2002-03. In Pennsylvania, 10.3 percent of adolescents reported they had smoked in the past month according to the 2009-10 data, another significant decrease from 2002. Overall, 44 states in the county experienced significant decreases in adolescent smoking during this decade.
Nationally, the adolescent rate of perceived health risk from smoking a pack of cigarettes daily increased from 63.7 percent in 2002-03 to 65.4 percent in 2009-2010. Only five states saw significant growth in the amount of teens who perceived a great risk from smoking cigarettes daily as well as a significant decline in their rate of smoking.
Citation: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Report: State Estimates of Adolescent Cigarette Use and Perceptions of Risk from Smoking: 2009 and 2010. Rockville, MD
|August 26, 2012||Posted by M. P. under Drug and Alcohol, Management, Research||
A report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) indicates major differences in admissions for substance abuse between rural areas and urban centers. Using 2009 data from their Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), the report found that rural admissions were more often from the criminal justice system, more often to be related to alcohol abuse, and less likely to report daily use of drugs/alcohol.
Some key findings from the report, A Comparison of Rural and Urban Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions, include,
- Rural substance abuse treatment referrals were more likely than urban admissions to be referred by the criminal justice system (51.6 compared to 28.4 percent) and less likely to a self or family referral (22.8 compared to 38.7 percent).
- Rural substance abuse treatment admissions were younger than their urban counterparts when they started using their substance of choice (32.1 percent between the ages 15 and 17 compared to 26.7 percent). Urban admissions were more likely to report first use experience occurring at age 18 and above (32.7 compared to 45.6 percent).
- Just over 30 percent of rural substance abuse admissions and 27.2 percent of urban substance abuse admissions reported a psychiatric problem.
This report discusses the various differences between rural and urban substance abuse, bolstering the case for community and culturally specific, targeted, intervention outreach and prevention practices.